New Crypto Tax Reporting Rules Finalized by US Treasury: What You Need to Know

In a landmark decision, the U.S. Treasury Department has finalized new rules requiring cryptocurrency brokers, including exchanges and payment processors, to report detailed information about users’ sales and exchanges of digital assets to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). This move is part of a broader effort to ensure tax compliance in the rapidly growing crypto market.

The new regulations stem from the $1 trillion bipartisan 2021 Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, which aimed to address the gap in tax reporting for cryptocurrency transactions. When the bill was passed, it was projected that the new rules could generate close to $28 billion in revenue over the next decade. The primary goal is to crack down on crypto users who may be evading taxes.

Implementation and Phasing

The new requirements will be phased in starting next year, with full implementation expected for the 2026 tax filing season. These rules will align the tax obligations for cryptocurrencies with those for other financial instruments such as stocks and bonds. According to the Treasury, the phased approach is designed to ease the burden on brokers and ensure a smooth transition.

Key Provisions of the Rule

One of the significant aspects of the rule is the introduction of a $10,000 threshold for reporting transactions involving stablecoins, which are typically pegged to assets like the U.S. dollar. Additionally, the rule includes the creation of a new tax reporting form, Form 1099-DA. This form is intended to simplify the tax filing process for crypto users by helping them determine if they owe taxes on their transactions.

Industry Response and Modifications: The cryptocurrency industry has been vocal about the proposed regulations, arguing that the initial scope was too broad and could infringe on the privacy of crypto owners. In response to more than 44,000 comments from stakeholders, the Treasury made modifications to the final rule to reduce some of the burdens on brokers and to introduce the new requirements gradually.

Additional Rules and Future Developments: The Treasury has indicated that additional rules will be issued later this year to establish tax reporting requirements for non-custodial brokers, including decentralized crypto exchanges. This further demonstrates the government’s commitment to ensuring comprehensive tax compliance across the entire crypto industry.

Treasury’s Stance on Crypto Tax Compliance: In its announcement, the Treasury emphasized that crypto owners have always been required to pay taxes on the sale or exchange of digital assets. The new rule does not introduce new taxes but creates reporting requirements to help taxpayers file accurate returns. This is expected to reduce the complexity for users who currently have to make their own calculations to determine their gains.

Impact on Crypto Users and Brokers: The new reporting requirements will necessitate brokers to send Form 1099-DA to both the IRS and digital asset holders. This will assist crypto users in preparing their tax returns and ensure they comply with existing tax laws. The IRS currently mandates that crypto users report various digital asset activities on their tax returns, regardless of whether the transactions resulted in a gain.


The finalization of these new crypto tax reporting rules by the U.S. Treasury marks a significant step towards greater transparency and compliance in the cryptocurrency market. As the industry continues to evolve, these regulations will play a crucial role in ensuring that all participants adhere to tax laws and contribute their fair share to the economy.

New Crypto Tax Reporting Rules Finalized by US Treasury: What You Need to Know

By implementing these rules, the U.S. Treasury aims to close the tax gap and generate significant revenue, while also simplifying the tax reporting process for cryptocurrency users.

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